Monday, December 21, 2015

Jurassic Park: Third Cycle

Jurassic Park tour

Are you just now joining my Jurassic party? Then please first check out Introduction, The raptor bite, First cycle and Second cycle. I'll wait here.


Welcome back!

I suggest you strap in and hold on to your butts for Jurassic Park's Third cycle.

Jurassic Park

Grant wonders how Jurassic Park scientists were able to procure dinosaur DNA. Fossilization only yields anorganic material, after all. Ellie, on her part, notices a poisonous Jurassic-era fern carelessly planted next to a swimming pool. In their rooms, Grant and Ellie  notice additional bars which had not appeared in the construction plans. The Safari Lodge is a low building with glass pyramids on top.

When dinosaurs ruled the Earth

The guests are in the visitor center, a huge two-storey building with a lot of glass.  They are told that the park will be opened "within the year". Gennaro informs Grant, Sattler and Malcolm that an unidentified dinosaur was found on land in July and that there have been lizard attacks in March in several Costa Rican costal villages. Malcolm claims that animals have gotten off the island. Not much later, a helicopter arrives with an 11-year-old boy with glasses and a 7- or 8-year-old girl wearing a Mets cap, angrying Gennaro.

The tour

The boy and girl are Hammond's granchildren Tim and Alexis. We learn that the red-haired Ed Regis, head of PR, has been on the island for seven months and that he has been coordinating teaser campaigns for the park. Besides noticing Ellie, who is wearing short pants, Malcolm, a skinny man in black, and Gennaro, who is rather muscled, Tim is enamored with Grant, a bearded, jeans-cladded outdoorsman who he recognizes as the author of The Lost World of Dinosaurs, which he he has read. Tim shares with Grant the story of how he visited the Museum of Natural History and observed that their T-Rex ("5027") had too many vertebrae. The group is told by Regis that the park can be operated with 20 staff, after which they pass the control room, where chief engineer John Arnold (a thin smoker donning short sleeves) and Nairobi hunter Muldoon (a sturdy man wearing khakis) are working. Not much later they are introduced to chief geneticist Henry Wu, a thin 30 somethinger, who explains how he over the past five years has mastered paleo-cloning thanks to the Loy technique and amber. 

Control room

Jurassic Park engineers have managed making 15 species of dinosaurs, one of which being the Procompsognathus, a small scavenger type. The park also has 30-ton sauropods, which has made waste disposal rather tricky. Isla Sorna is 160 kilometers removed from the mainland. Animals would never make it that far, since they are lysine-dependent and die within 12 hours if they don't get lysine tablets. A supply boat visits the island every other week. Grant, who has recently dug up a Deinonychus antirrhopus and is very curious about raptors, is informed that Jurassic Park has eight adult animals. They are, however, not integrated into the park and held in a separate cage near the auxiliary building. The group visits the cage and witnesses an attack on the fence, comparing the speed of the animals not to reptiles like the Komodo dragon or the alligator, but to the African secretary bird and the kasuaris. The Jurassic Park raptors are two meters tall, have 60 centimeter-long heads, three gripping fingers and a leathery/yellow-ish/redd-ish skin. They are pack hunters.

Version 4.4

We are introduced to Henry Wu, who approaches Hammond in his bungalow and asks him to move on to Phase 2, replacing all the dinosaurs in the park with "Version 4.4". Hammond wants nothing of Wu's improvements, citing that the updated animals would not be real dinosaurs. Wu, now 36, was lured to InGen five years ago to spend a $50 million budget however he saw fit. It is stated that the construction of the park started in 1987.

Control room

Alan Grant & Co. are brought to the control room, where they meet chief engineer John Arnold, a 45-year-old chain smoker. Arnold explains the park's safety measures, which include A) following the treks of the animals and B) category counts at 15-minute intervals. In the first case, the whereabouts of each of the 238 animals is checked twice per minute by motion sensiors which cover 92% of the surface. The dinosaurs are detained by electrified fences (three meters high, 80 kilometers) and ditches (three and half meters deep, 9 meters wide). The power is independent and there's also independent backup power in case of emergency. Additionally, the animals are modified so that they die if they don't get lysine every 24 hours. They could thus never survive outside of the park. It is stated that the animals are vulnerable and that there have been a lot of issues with diseases. The level of automization is highlighted once more, after which the several tours are mentioned. Since the Jungle River Cruise and the Aviary Tour are not finished, the visitors have the honor of experiencing the Jurassic Park Tour.

The tour

Ed Regis guides the group to their tour vehicles, eletric Toyota Land Cruisers, which appears from an underground garage. Gennaro, Ellie, Malcolm and Grant share a car, as do Tim, Lex and Regis. The tour is narrated by Richard Kiley. First stop: the Hypsilophodon Highlands, where several Othnielia are spotted.

Control room

Hammond is in the control room with Arnold and Muldoon. They are discussing next year's September opening and the many difficulties of combining a theme park, a zoo and a never-before-seen animal population. With 130+ system errors still to be fixed by Nedry and the dinosaurs not all too predictable, Arnold is having reservations about Jurassic Park, which Hammond dismisses. Grant & Co. pass the dilophosaurus enclosure ("A beautiful, yet dangerous addition to Jurassic Park!") and the Triceratops enclosure, visiting the T-Rex next.

The big Rex

The Land Cruisers arrive at the T-Rex enclosure. There is word of the baby rex, a two-year-old animal standing at 2,5 meters and weighing 1,5 ton, after which Muldoon is afforded a close-up. Muldoon is 50, has a grey mustache and is a notable wildlife advisor who grew up in Kenya. He believes Hammond is too romantic about his dinosaurs, not seeing how dangerous and unpredictable they actually are. Muldoon is particularly fearful of the raptors, who possess chimp-like intelligence and can even open doors! One had escaped and killed two construction workers, maiming a third one. With the big Rex apparently shy, a goat is used as bait. He ultimately appears, a reddish-brown animal as tall as a house, with a square head and the smell of garbage.

Control room

Muldoon is feeling antsy. He goes to the underground garage and puts a Randler grenade launcher in the remaining staff jeep. Grant & Co. pass the Apatosaurus meadow while it starts to raining, also seeing smaller duckbill hadrosauruses. In the distance, Tim spots a dinosaur with pale, yellow skin, identifying it as a young raptor. In the control room, Arnold allows the Anne B to leave so that it wouldn't get caught in the storm. The tour now arrives at the stegosaurus enclosure on the southern part of the island. Harding is already there.


The stegosaurus is sedated because it's sick. Harding can't figure out why it get sicks every six weeks. Ellie rather quickly solved the puzzle, citing West Indian lilac and stomach stones. Malcolm explains to Gennaro why he predicted that the animals would get sick, telling him that chaos theory goes way beyond the philosophical reflections of Heisenberg and Gödel. "The history of evolution," he says, "is that life breaks all boundaries. Life will find a way." Grant finds part of a raptor egg shell.

Control room

Malcolm asks Arnold to do a new count and search for more animals. The cameras find 292 dinosaurs instead of 238, implying that they can indeed procreate. The raptors, othnielias, maiasauruses and hypsilphodonts already have.


As it turns out, there is no camera monitoring at night, meaning that the raptors - nocturnal animals, after all - could move freely through the park come nighttime. Grant asks if Wu used frog DNA to complete DNA strings. As the tour vehicles come to an abrupt halt, communication falls dead. Nedry is using all the telephone lines to transfer data. Malcom explains to Grant what Mandelbrot's fractals are. He uses them to study real objects in the natural world, having concluded that in events influence each other, and that life is not at all linear. With the power out in the park, Nedry steals 10 embryos and takes off in the gas jeep. 

Let's dig!
  • Grant is very curious as to how Jurassic Park scientists managed to find dino DNA.
  • Ellie notices poisonous plants.
  • The visitor center is a large, two-storey building with glass pyramids on top.
  • The park will be opened within 12 months.
    Jurassic Park visitor center
  • Gennaro informs Grant and Co. that an unidentified dinosaur was found on the mainland.
  • Tim is an 11-year-old boy who wears glasses.
  • Lex is a 7-or-8-year-old girl who wears a Mets cap.
  • Tim and Lex are Hammond's grandchildren.
  • Ned Regis has red hair and is Jurassic Park's head of PR.
  • Jurassic Park is working on worldwide teaser campaigns.
  • Ellie is wearing short pants.
  • Malcolm is skinny and wears black.
  • Grant has a beard and wears jeans and a Hawaiian shirt.
  • The Museum of Natural History has a T-Rex speciment with too many vertibrae.
  • The park is highly automated and can be operated with minimal staff.
  • Chief engineer John Arnold (45 years old) is a thin man who smokes.
  • Muldoon is a sturdy man with a grey mustache. He wears khakis and grew up in Kenya.
  • Wu is a thin 36-year-old geneticist. He has working at Jurassic Park for five years.
  • He wants to update the animals and make them better.
  • Wu has mastered paleo-cloning by using the Loy technique and amber.
  • There are 15 species of dinosaurs on the island.
  • The procompsognathus is a small scavenger type.
  • Isla Sorna is 160 kilometers removed from the mainland.
  • Animals are lysine-dependent and die within 12 hours of not having lysine tablets.
  • A supply boat visits the island every other week.
  • Jurassic Park has eight adult velociraptors.
  • They are not integrated into the park.
  • Upon visting the raptors, Grant & Co. witness an attack on the fence.
  • The raptors are two meters tall, have three gripping fingers and have a leathery/red-ish/yellow-ish skin.
  • The construction of the park started in 1987.
  • Safety measures include: A) following the treks of the animals and B) category counts at 15-minute intervals.
  • The dinosaurs are detained by electrified fences, which encompass the entire island.
  • There are also ditches of three and half meters deep and nine meters wide.
  • The power is independent.
  • There's also independent backup power.
  • The Jungle River tour is not finished.
  • The Aviary tour is not finished.
  • The tour vehicles are electric Land Cruisers.
  • Gennaro, Ellie, Malcom and Grant share a car.
  • Tim, Lex and Regis share a car.
  • The tour is narrated by Richard Kiley.
  • Nedry was called in from Cambridge to fix 130+ system errors.
  • Arnold explains that JP is facing the same problems theme parks and zoos have.
  • The dilophosaurus is said to be a "beautiful, yet dangerous addition to Jurassic Park!"
  • The baby rex is two years old.
  • Raptors possess chimp-like intelligence and can open doors.
    Jurassic Park open doors
  • A goat is used as bait for the big rex.
  • The big rex has reddish-brown skin and is as tall as a house.
  • The big rex smells of garbage.
  • Muldoon puts a Randler grenade launcher in the remaining staff jeep.
  • Tim spots a young raptor hopping in the Apatosaurus meadow.
  • A storm is coming and Arnold allows the Anne B to depart.
  • The group stops at a sedated Stegosaurus, which Harding is tending to.
  • It is sick and has dilated pupils. 
  • Ellie thinks that it might be eating West Indian lilac.
  • Ellie solves the dinosaur's sickness.
  • Malcolm mentions Heisenberg and Gödel.
  • Malcoms stats that "Life will find a way."
  • Grant finds part of a raptor egg shell.
  • A new animal count is conducted.
  • Arnold counts 292 animals instead of 238.
  • There is no camera monitoring at night.
  • Grant asks Wu if he uses frog DNA to complete dino DNA strings.
  • All the telephone lines are dead.
  • The power in the park goes out.
  • Malcolm explains Mandelbrot's fractals.
  • Nedry steals 10 embroyes and takes off in a gas jeep.
In the movie...

Jurassic Park (1993) - Alan Grant expresses at several instances that he wants to know where they found dinosaur DNA and how Hammond and his team managed to clone it.

Jurassic Park (1993) - Like a true paleo-botanist, Ellie notices that Veriform plants are growing next to the road. In the famous dinner table scene, she tells Hammond: "You have plants in this building that are poisonous, you picked them because they look good."

Jurassic Park (1993) - The hub of the park was the visitor center, which had stone walls and a thatched roof.

Jurassic Park (1993) - Contrary to the book, Lex is the older sibling and has Tim's knack for computer hacking. She does wear a blue baseball cap. Tim is the younger sibling and fascinated with dinosaurs.

Jurassic Park (1993) - Ellie is indeed wearing short pants. 

Jurassic Park (1993) - Malcolm is tall, thin and wears black. 

Jurassic Park (1993) - No beard, jeans or Hawaiian shirt for Grant. Sam Neil still nailed Grant's outdoors-y look and style, though.

Jurassic Park (1993) - Samuel L. Jackson is perfect as skinny chainsmoker John Arnold.

Jurassic Park (1993) - No moustache for Muldoon in the movie, but he was still awesomely portrayed by the sturdy-legged Bob Peck.

Jurassic World (2015) - Instead of making dinosaurs more manageable like he wanted to in the book, geneticist Henry Wu is now creating bigger, scarier and cooler dinosaurs, experimenting busily with hybrids.

Jurassic Park (1993) - Alan Grant mentions the Loy antibody extraction technique.
Jurassic Park amber mine

Jurassic Park (1993) - The importance of amber is made abundantly clear throughout the movie: from Gennaro visiting the Mano de Dios amber mine, to Hammond's cane to Mr. DNA's cloning video.

The Lost World (1997) - The Procompsognathus doesn't appear nor is mentioned in Jurassic Park, but it is featured heavily in The Lost World.

Jurassic Park (1993) - The lysine contingency is mentioned by John Arnold as a failsafe to ensure that dinosaurs never left the island. 

The Lost World (1997) - Malcolm is surprised that the dinosaurs continued to thrive on Isla Sorna in spite of the lysine failsafe. The herbivore' s abilities to consume soy and lysine-rich foods is mentioned by Sarah Harding as an explanation for their survival.

Jurassic Park (1993) - JP had eight adult velociraptors, but "The Big One" killed all but two.

Jurassic Park (1993) - No attack on the fence by the raptors. They are, however, fed a cow via an ingenious pulley system. Chilean sea bass, anyone?

Jurassic Park (1993) - JP's raptors are indeed two meters tall and they open doors several times in the movie.

Jurassic Park (1993) - The animals in the park are detained by electrified fences.

Jurassic World (2015) - The Jungle River tour is shown.

The Lost World (1997) - The Aviary is shown. It is inhabited by murderous Pteranodon.

Jurassic World (2015) - The Aviary is shown. The Indominus Rex smashes into it and frees the Pteranodon and Dimorphodon.

Jurassic Park (1993) - The tour vehicles are indeed Land Cruisers, the No. 1 most awesome vehicles in the entire franchise.

Jurassic Park (1993) - No sight of Ned Regis. Grant, Ellie and Malcolm share a car, as do Gennaro, Lex and Tim. 

Jurassic Park (1993) - The tour is narrated by Richard Kiley. Hammond spared no expense.

Jurassic Park (1993) - Ray Arnold states: "We have all the problems of a major theme park and a major zoo and the computers aren't even on their feet yet."

Jurassic Park (1993) - Dennis Nedry is fixing numerous bugs in the system.

Jurassic Park (1993) - When passing the dilophosaurus enclosure, Kiley states that it is "a beautiful but dangerous addition to Jurassic Park", citing its poisonous venom used for killing prey.

The Lost World (1997) - The baby rex is used by InGen hunter Roland to lure the adult rexes.

Jurassic Park (1993) - A goat is indeed used to lure the T-Rex.

Jurassic Park (1993) - The group indeed stops at a sedated Stegosaurus. Ellie believes that the culprit may be the West Indian lilac, deciding to stay behind with Dr. Harding to solve the puzzle.

Jurassic Park (1993) - Early in the movie, during the lab tour, Malcolm states that "Life will, uh, find a way."

Jurassic Park (1993) - Grant finds an entire nest of hatched raptor eggs.

Jurassic Park (1993) - He tells Tim and Lex that "frogs have been known to spontaneously change sex from male to female in a single sex environment."

Jurassic Park (1993) - Dennis Nedry shuts off the power so that he can steal 10 embryos and smuggle them off the island.

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